What Are the Differences Between Brass CNC Turned Parts and Other Materials?



When it comes to manufacturing precision components, CNC machining has rapidly gained popularity due to its accuracy and efficiency. One widely used material in CNC machining is brass, known for its excellent machinability and durability. However, it is crucial to understand the differences between brass CNC turned parts and other materials before deciding on the most suitable option for your project. In this article, we will explore various aspects of brass CNC turned parts and compare them with other materials to help you make an informed decision.

The Advantages of Brass CNC Turned Parts

Brass is derived from a copper-zinc alloy and has numerous benefits that make it an ideal choice for CNC machining. Let's delve into its advantages:

Excellent Machinability:

Brass has remarkable machinability, making it one of the most preferred materials for CNC turned parts. It can be easily shaped into complex designs using CNC machines, resulting in high precision and fine details. The low friction coefficient of brass also contributes to the ease of machining, minimizing tool wear and extending tool life.

Corrosion Resistance:

Another significant advantage of brass CNC turned parts is their excellent corrosion resistance. Brass materials are less prone to rust and oxidation compared to ferrous metals such as steel. This property makes brass a suitable choice for various applications, including plumbing fittings, electrical connectors, and marine components, where exposure to moisture or corrosive environments is inevitable.

Superior Electric Conductivity:

Brass possesses excellent electrical conductivity, making it an optimal choice for electrical and electronic components. Its low electrical resistance allows for efficient transmission of electrical signals, ensuring reliable performance in applications like switches, connectors, and terminals. In addition, brass CNC turned parts can be easily fabricated to accommodate specific electrical requirements, adding to their versatility.

Aesthetically Pleasing:

One often overlooked advantage of brass CNC turned parts is their aesthetic appeal. Brass exhibits a warm golden hue that adds a touch of elegance and sophistication to any finished product. This visual appeal makes brass a popular choice for decorative items, architectural fittings, and ornamental components. Additionally, brass can be further enhanced with various surface treatments and finishes, such as polishing or plating, to achieve different colors and textures.

Comparison with Other Materials

Steel vs. Brass CNC Turned Parts:

When comparing steel and brass CNC turned parts, several factors come into play, including strength, machinability, and corrosion resistance.

Strength: Steel is generally stronger than brass, making it a preferred choice for applications requiring high strength and load-bearing capacity. Steel CNC turned parts can withstand heavy loads, making them suitable for industrial machinery, automotive components, and structural parts. On the other hand, brass CNC turned parts offer sufficient strength for a wide range of applications, including those that do not involve heavy load requirements.

Machinability: Brass exhibits excellent machinability compared to most steels. Its lower hardness ensures a smoother cutting process, minimizing wear on cutting tools. Steel, while stronger, is typically harder to machine, resulting in increased tool wear and longer machining times. However, advancements in CNC machining techniques and cutting tools have significantly improved the machinability of steel, making it a viable option for many applications.

Corrosion Resistance: Steel is susceptible to oxidation and corrosion when exposed to moisture and corrosive environments. In contrast, brass has inherently better corrosion resistance due to its higher copper content. However, stainless steel, which contains chromium, offers superior corrosion resistance compared to brass. Stainless steel CNC turned parts are often utilized in applications where resistance to moisture, chemicals, or external elements is critical.

Aluminum vs. Brass CNC Turned Parts:

Aluminum and brass are two widely used materials in CNC machining due to their favorable properties. Let's compare these two materials in terms of weight, conductivity, and mechanical properties.

Weight: Aluminum is significantly lighter than brass, making it a preferred choice for applications where weight reduction is essential. Industries such as aerospace, automotive, and electronics often opt for aluminum CNC turned parts to achieve weight savings without compromising performance. On the other hand, brass CNC turned parts are preferred when weight is not a primary concern or when a denser material is desired for specific applications.

Conductivity: While both aluminum and brass exhibit good electrical conductivity, brass has a distinct advantage due to its higher copper content. Brass is superior to aluminum in terms of electrical conductivity, making it the material of choice for electrical connectors, terminals, and other electrical components that require efficient transmission of electrical signals. However, aluminum still finds extensive use in heat sinks and electronic enclosures due to its exceptional thermal conductivity.

Mechanical Properties: Aluminum and brass have different mechanical properties that impact their application suitability. Aluminum offers excellent corrosion resistance, high strength-to-weight ratio, and good workability. It is often chosen for applications that require lightweight, durable, and corrosion-resistant components. Brass, with its higher density and better machinability, is preferred for applications where strength and durability are critical, such as valves, fittings, and instrument components.

Plastic vs. Brass CNC Turned Parts:

Plastic, as a versatile material, is commonly used in various industries. Let's compare plastic and brass CNC turned parts based on factors such as strength, heat resistance, and cost.

Strength: Brass provides superior mechanical strength compared to most plastics. It offers better load-bearing capabilities, making it a preferred choice for applications with higher stress or load requirements. Plastic CNC turned parts, while less robust, still find extensive use in applications where their lower weight, corrosion resistance, or insulation properties are advantageous.

Heat Resistance: Brass exhibits excellent heat resistance, allowing it to retain its mechanical properties even under high temperatures. This property makes brass CNC turned parts suitable for applications where components may be exposed to heat, such as automotive engines or electronic enclosures. Plastics, however, have lower heat resistance and may deform or lose their strength at elevated temperatures, limiting their application in high-temperature environments.

Cost: When considering cost, plastic CNC turned parts have a clear advantage over brass. Plastics are generally less expensive than brass, making them a cost-effective solution for a wide range of applications. Furthermore, plastic components often require less post-machining finishing compared to brass, further reducing the overall manufacturing cost.

Ceramics vs. Brass CNC Turned Parts:

Although ceramics may not be as widely used as other materials in CNC machining, they offer unique properties that make them suitable for specific applications. Let's compare ceramics and brass CNC turned parts in terms of hardness, electrical conductivity, and thermal properties.

Hardness: Ceramics are renowned for their exceptional hardness compared to brass and most other materials. They exhibit superior resistance to wear, abrasion, and deformation, making them suitable for applications where the component is exposed to extreme conditions or heavy stress. Brass, although not as hard as ceramics, provides sufficient hardness for many applications while also offering excellent machinability.

Electrical Conductivity: Unlike brass, ceramics are generally non-conductive. They are widely used in electrical insulation applications where high temperatures, high voltages, or harsh environments pose risks. Brass, with its superior electrical conductivity, is favored in applications that require efficient electrical signal transmission or grounding.

Thermal Properties: Ceramics possess excellent thermal properties, such as high melting points, low thermal expansion, and exceptional heat resistance. They are commonly used in high-temperature environments, such as in turbine engines, furnace components, or thermal barrier coatings. Brass, while not as heat-resistant as ceramics, still exhibits good thermal conductivity and heat dissipation capabilities, making it suitable for applications that involve moderate heat levels.


In conclusion, the choice between brass CNC turned parts and other materials ultimately depends on the specific requirements and constraints of your project. Brass offers excellent machinability, corrosion resistance, electrical conductivity, aesthetic appeal, and moderate strength. Other materials like steel, aluminum, plastics, and ceramics each have their unique advantages and properties that make them suitable for specific applications. By considering factors such as strength, machinability, corrosion resistance, weight, heat resistance, electrical conductivity, and cost, you can select the material that best aligns with your needs. Always consult with experienced CNC machining professionals to ensure optimal material selection and the highest quality components for your project.


Just tell us your requirements, we can do more than you can imagine.
    Send your inquiry

    Send your inquiry

      Choose a different language
      Tiếng Việt
      Bahasa Melayu
      Current language:English